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Carbohydrates are present within every living organism on the planet. They fulfill a host of extremely important roles, including energy storage and structural support. They are composed of many different monosaccharides such as glucose or fructose linked together into one long chain. They are vital in providing energy for all of the body’s major processes such as growth and repair. We are able to use this energy as we have a number of enzymes within our digestive tracts that can break the long chain carbohydrates down into the smaller single sugars. These single sugars such as glucose can be used by the organs within our body as energy. Without these carbohydrates we run out of energy very quickly and have to use other sources such as fat and protein.